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Hatboro-Horsham High School Library: Citations, Works Cited & Formatting

Research Definitions


  • A quotation from or reference to a book, paper, website article, author, etc. particularly in a scholarly work; a standardized format that contains information about a source cited in one's research product.


  • In MLA style, in-text citations, called parenthetical citations, are used to document any external sources used within a document (unless the material cited is considered general knowledge).
  • Parenthetical citations direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed on the Works Cited page, which is located at the end of the document.
  • In most cases, the parenthetical citations include the author's last name and the specific page number for the information cited.


  •  An alphabetical listing of citations in MLA format for all sources cited in a research product.
  •  Also referred to as references or as a bibliography.


  • A standardized format for citing information from outside sources within the text of the paper itself.
  • In-text citations consist of two parts: signal phrases and parenthetical references.

MLA Citation Generators

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Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting & Style Guide

Click on the image above to go to the Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide.

There you will find information and examples regarding MLA format for citations and works cited.